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Author: Samantha Ruiz

Undergraduate Research Assistant
Breakdowns in implementing models of organization change

Breakdowns in implementing models of organization change

Organizations choose to implement change in order to move towards its ideal state, and to do so is a difficult task to be successful on its first try. Some leaders it comes to naturally, while others may repeatedly fail before they succeed. Breakdowns occur when there is lack of communication in an organization about why change is needed, or when not everyone participates fully in the transition. Often time change agents are hired to consult and manage change due to…

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Employees’ Surface Acting in Interactions with Leaders and Peers

Employees’ Surface Acting in Interactions with Leaders and Peers

Who conducted the study? This study was conducted by Xiaoxiao Hu of the Department of Psychology, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, USA and Junqi Shi of the Lingnam College, Sun Yat-sen University, Guanzhou, China. What was the aim of the study? We engage in surface acting when we intentionally display emotions that we aren’t currently feeling. The degree of surface acting varies depending on the type of work you do that calls for presenting most likely a positive attitude for…

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Employee Resistance to Organizational Change: Managerial Influence Tactics and Leader-Member Exchange

Employee Resistance to Organizational Change: Managerial Influence Tactics and Leader-Member Exchange

Who conducted the study? Stacie A. Furst from the University of Cincinnati, and Daniel M. Cable from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. What was the aim of the study? The aim of the study was to determine the ideal influence tactics to compensate for employee resistance during organizational change. Researchers focused on using the Leader-member exchange (LMX) to correlate tactics with positive or negative results to employee resistance. LMX suggests exchanges  between employees and their managers develop a…

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Cross-cultural investigation of convergence and divergence of paternalistic leadership

Cross-cultural investigation of convergence and divergence of paternalistic leadership

“Paternalism is a time-worn term that has had indefinite meaning in common usage. (Jackman, 1994: 10)” Who conducted the study? Zeynep Aycan, from Department of Psychology, Koc University, Istanbul, turkey, Birgit Schyns, Durnham University Business School, Urshaw College, Durham, UK, Jian-Min Sun, from Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Bejing, People’s Republic of China, Jorg Felfe, from Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg, Germany, Noreen Saher, from International Islamic University, Islamabad Pakistan. What are the types of leaders? Paternalistic leaders provide…

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